Of all the questions and advice seeking that I receive from new and emerging fashion brands, the topic that is most often addressed is production.  From “How do I work with a manufacturer?” to “My samples are horrible! What went wrong?!”, the trials and tribulations are aplenty.

This is because production is one of the most challenging parts of launching a fashion brand. Finding the right factory for your collection and then communicating properly with the people who are making your clothing is not something you can just wing. Planning and preparation are really important.

So when a designer asks me about where to even start in the whole manufacturing process, I always say two things:

  1. Go through your pre-production checklist.
  2. Create a tech pack.

Once you know you’re ready to work with a factory, have researched which factories makes sense for your brand, and have started to have a dialogue, Oone thing you need to have ready to present to your factory is your tech pack.

Tech packs are those things we’re all pretty sure we need to give to our factories but aren’t quite sure what they entail.

You don’t want to wing it with this one. The wrong info in your tech pack could mean the wrong finished sample. That means that tech packs are an incredibly important fashion business tool when you’re communicating your designs and specifications to your sample maker and factory.

The more detail you can give them, the less room for mistakes. The clearer you make your requests, the less likely there will be misinterpretations. The more you have in writing, the less likely you’ll be financially responsible for fixes.

So, here’s How to Create a Tech Pack for Your Fashion Collections

Cover Page

The Cover Page houses the basic front and back view of the style. These sketches should have a white or transparent fill, and not contain color or print. The sketches can be computer generated, hand drawn, or photographs. An important concept to be mindful of is to make sure that the image is proportional and clean, meaning they should not be stylized.

Inspiration Page

The Inspiration Page houses any image(s) which helped create the original style. If the factory is to be the source of the pattern, the image(s) may help the factory create the pattern and reach the designer’s desired aesthetic. Inspiration images may contain whole garments or detail pictures, such as close up photos of a pocket or collar. An explanation of why the inspiration image is important may also be needed so the correct aspect of the image is conveyed in the style.

Callouts Page

The Callouts Page is used to articulate the type of construction and design details that should be used when constructing the garment. Be sure to use arrows to clearly mark what type of construction is to be used where. Also be sure that the factory understands any special phrases or acronyms that may be used to abbreviate words.

Print-Fabric Placement Page

The Print-Fabric Placement Page is used to indicate where you would like print and/or fabric.  The front and back sketch of the style is colored in relation to a color key at the bottom of the page. This color key makes it very easy to distinguish the desired placement for each type of fabric. Prints could also be used to convey the placement of fabrics; such as one fabric being dots,
and one fabric being stripes. Just make sure to clearly label the key.

Colorway Page

The Colorway Page identifies the colors which are to be used in the design. The current tab format includes several areas to input color information, and grids can be easily copied and pasted to create more information areas. Each color area contains sections for the color name, color number, and color swatch. The color number may be the pantone color number or an original
number. If any other information is needed, simply edit the format so there are more columns in each information area.

This page may also hold print colorways if the design is not going to be one solid color. A true to size print out with color key may also/or instead be needed to identify each color in the print.

Bill of Materials Page

The Bill of Materials Page; also known as the BOM, is comprised of all materials used in constructing the garment. There are five main sections contained in this tab, which are as follows: Fabrics, Trims, Labels, and Packaging.

In each section there are five types of information that can be identified. This information includes Placment (where the material will be used or in what position it will be sewn into the garment), Comments (any extra means that are necessary to understanding the use of the material), Material (the fiber content, identification number, or substance the material is made of), Supplier (the provider of the goods), Color Number ( the item color to be used).

Fold Page

The Fold Page expresses how the garment should be folded and packed. This pack will then be shipped to the desired destination. This page should contain a series of sketches showing the step by step process of folding and packing a shirt. Each sketch has a description for easy directional reference. If sketches cannot be created, a series of step by step photos with explanations would be an acceptable alternative. A description without any supporting images can also be used, however the explanations need to be very clear and easy to follow.

Label Placement Page

The Label Placement Page explains the type of label that is to be used in the product, and where it should be placed. Remember, the material the labels are made of can be found in the BOM.

Proto Specs Page

The Proto Specs Page indicates the measurements to which the pattern and first fit sample should be developed to. The chart contains five columns of information.

  1. The Point of Measure (POM) indicates how each part of the style needs to be measured to ensure the garment or handbag is the correct size and fits correctly.
  2. The Description expresses how and what needs to be measured in correlation to the POM code. It should be specific enough to relay what and how the point should be measured. The acronym for ‘high point of shoulder’ (HPS) will be seen often. Most vertical measurements will be measured from HPS, and should be indicated in the description.
  3. The Requested indicates the actual measurements that the garment or handbag should be developed from. If there is uncertainty of what a measurement should be, the column may be left blank and a note made for the factory to help determine the necessary measurement. The spec can then be measured and filled in at the first fit.
  4. The Tolerance (+/-) indicates the most a measurement is allowed to be over or under the requested measurement. This number is very important during production, so that the specs of the product are in the approved range of measurements.
  5. The Comments is for adding important notes.

1st Fit Specs Page

The 1st Fit Specs Page holds all spec information about the first fit sample of development. It includes all five columns of information in the proto specs an adds these additional columns:

  1. The Actual column is the area in which the measurements of the fit sample are inputted to help visually compare them to what specs were requested.
  2. The Revised column is the area to input the measurements that the next sample or production should meet.

2nd Fit Specs

The 2nd Fit Specs Page is identical to the 1st fit specs page, except in this page the Requested column is pulled.


Fashion Tech Pack Templates

Men’s & Women’s Fashion Tech Pack Templates

Since a tech pack is essential in your clothing brand’s product development process, and needed to succeed with your collection, we have added tech pack templates, vector flats, croquis templates, bill of materials, and measurements lists inside the membership program. If you want to learn more why you need these documents, read these posts:
  • What Is A Tech Pack
  • The Importance Of A Bill Of Materials
Men's Fashion Tech Pack Templates
Women's Fashion Tech Pack Templates
Fashion Tech Pack Templates

The Men’s & Women’s Fashion Tech Pack Bundle contains:

1 Men’s Normal Croquis Templates. 7 heads.

1 Women’s Normal Croquis Templates. 7 heads.

1 Men’s Fashion Croquis Templates. 9 head – 6 poses.

1 Women’s Fashion Croquis Templates. 9 head – 5 poses.

1 Men’s Tech Pack Template. Containing 6 pages describing the garment in Adobe Illustrator (.ai) format. Easy for you to modify into your own style. Paste and alter one of the vector flats. Add your own information.

1 Women’s Tech Pack Template. Containing 6 pages describing the garment in Adobe Illustrator (.ai) format. Easy for you to modify into your own style. Paste and alter one of the vector flats. Add your own information.

20 Men’s Vector Flats (Front and Back). These can be copied and pasted into the tech pack template from this Men’s Fashion Teck Pack Bundle. The vector flats are:

  1. Tank Top

  2. T-Shirt

  3. Polo T-Shirt

  4. Long Sleeve Raglan

  5. Henley Long Sleeve

  6. Shirt

  7. Knit Sweater

  8. Hoodie

  9. Full Zip Midlayer

  10. Crew Neck Sweater

  11. Outdoor Jacket

  12. Outdoor Anorak

  13. Suit Jacket

  14. Suit Pant

  15. Outdoor Pant

  16. Jeans

  17. Running Short

  18. Short

  19. Activewear Tights

  20. Underwear

20 Women’s Vector Flats (Front and Back). These can be copied and pasted into the tech pack template from this Women’s Fashion Teck Pack Bundle. The vector flats are:

  1. Tank Top

  2. Skinny Tank Top

  3. T-Shirt 1

  4. T-Shirt 2

  5. Long Sleeve

  6. Long Sleeve Raglan

  7. Shirt

  8. Knit Sweater

  9. Tight Dress

  10. Long Dress

  11. Outdoor Jacket

  12. Outdoor Anorak

  13. Suit Jacket

  14. Suit Pant

  15. Outdoor Pant

  16. Jeans

  17. Running Short

  18. Short

  19. Long Skirt

  20. Underwear – Bra and Panties   

3 Bill Of Material Templates. In Excel format

  1. One T-Shirt & Longsleeve template

  2. One Pants template

  3. One Performance Jacket template

4 Measurement List Templates. These are empty frames. You fill out your garment’s measurements. In Excel & Numbers formats.

  1. One Men’s Hoodie Measurement List

  2. One Women’s Hoodie Measurement List

  3. One Men’s T-Shirt Measurement List

  4. One Women’s T-Shirt Measurement List

1 Styles Measurement Tolerance Document. In Excel & Numbers formats.